Some commuters who suffered the heat of London’s underground transport system on Monday suffered temperatures deemed too hot for the safe transport of cattle, reflecting brutal conditions in Europe and affecting everything from transport to food and energy production. does.
The intense heat caused London’s Luton Airport to halt flights to repair runways, while Wales set a new record and Ireland posted its warmest temperature in more than a century. Hot and dry conditions in countries with no habit of scorching weather are raising concerns across the region about the effects of climate change.
After deadly wildfires in Portugal and Spain, extreme summer weather further dropped the water level of the Rhine, Europe’s most important river, jeopardizing the deliveries of coal and oil to power stations and industrial plants in Germany.
Heatwave sends parts of the Rhine River to be recorded. Oil tanker Calsit lifts off a dry shore on the Rhine River near Oberwesel, Germany, on 12 July 14. Photographer: Alex Cross / Bloomberg
“The climate crisis is accelerating around the world,” German Economy Minister Robert Habeck said on Monday, which showed that extreme weather in recent years has cost Europe’s largest economy 80 billion euros (81 billion euros). dollars) has been spent.
The assessment of this summer’s damage has just begun. More than 600 people have died across the region, and large areas of France, Italy and Greece are at high risk of wildfires. The European Union has sent three firefighters to help fight the wildfires – two to Portugal and one to Slovenia.
“This is not the result of a short dry spell,” said Mark Parrington, senior scientist at the Atmosphere Monitoring Service at Copernicus, Europe’s Earth observation agency. “It’s been years in these dry conditions.”
Growth of crops such as corn has been hit amid concerns over food shortages from Russia’s war in Ukraine, causing Paris futures to rise 10 percent since the start of the month.
Here is a roundup of some of the countries hardest hit by Europe’s current heatwave:
Temperatures in London and the south of England could reach a record-setting 40 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit) this week. In line with UK regulations, trains on London’s Central and Northern lines reached 37 °C on Monday morning, as measured by Bloomberg, which is higher than the maximum temperature for the transport of livestock such as cows, pigs and goats.
More people worked from home and avoided commuting in shopping districts near offices in London, with an 18 percent drop, according to Springboard’s retail-tracking data. According to Transport for London, tube travel was down at almost the same level since last Monday.
Network Rail spokesman Kevin Groves said about a third of British Rail services are not operating, and those that do will face restrictions due to the heat. This means that the journey from London to York will take four and a half hours, which is more than twice the normal time.
The East Coast main line from London to Edinburgh will be closed between noon and 8 a.m. on Tuesday, as the line cannot withstand temperatures above 38 °C due to the wooden foundation and 1980s design of overhead equipment.
Sky News reported that the Royal Air Force halted flights at its largest airport because the runway “melted”.
The Meteorological Department said that extraordinary, perhaps record-breaking temperatures are likely to occur on Monday and again on Tuesday. Record-setting temperatures in London will continue till Monday night as London is likely to experience its hottest night on record.
Some companies in the UK have allowed employees to stay home to avoid hot commutes and work at workplaces. Gymshark Ltd, which produces workout wear and employs around 700 people in the UK, laid off employees on Fridays and Mondays, calling it a reward for good performance. Similarly, Blackburn-based beverage exporter Sovereign Beverages Co Ltd also extended its weekend break till Monday.
The Institut de Salud Carlos III said on Saturday that a heatwave killed 360 people in Spain between July 10 and 15. June was the deadliest month in two years, killing 830 people despite the country getting used to such temperatures.
“Climate change kills. It kills people, it kills our ecosystem and it destroys the most valuables of those affected,” Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez said on a visit to the fire-damaged province of Casares on the Portuguese border said during “We cannot deviate from our commitment to climate change mitigation and adaptation.”
Trade unions are demanding stricter rules to protect the health of workers. At the moment, there is no regulation on the maximum temperature for people working outside.
During the peak of heat last week in central Madrid, construction workers could be seen snuggling inside cranes and heavy machinery during the hottest hours of the day in an attempt to escape the heat. High temperatures in the Spanish capital are expected to hover around 40 degrees this week.
In Spain, the fire killed at least two people, according to officials in the Castilla y León region. The body of a 69-year-old male was found in a burned area in Jamora province on Monday, and a volunteer firefighter died on Sunday as he was helping to put out a fire in the same area.
Italy is also set for higher temperatures of 40 degrees this weekend, including in the financial capital Milan. This month’s record temperatures have already caused a glacial ice shelf to crash off the top of Mount Marmolada, killing 11 people.
The regional climate agency for Lombardy, around Milan, has issued an alert for ozone levels, advising children, the elderly and people with respiratory problems to stay indoors during hot hours. In the region, the local farmers’ union Koldiretti reported that vegetables, including melons and green chillies, were burnt by the heat.
Italy is experiencing an “extreme drought”, according to the National Research Council’s Drought Observatory, with its largest river, the Po, at its lowest level in 70 years. Dry weather creates ideal conditions for wildfires to spread rapidly.
As of Monday morning, about 1,100 firefighters were still quelling the flames in Portugal, which has reported more than 200 deaths above normal since the start of the latest heatwave.
But there are signs of progress. The fires have subsided since last week, and the government downgraded the situation to an “alert” level on Sunday, with temperatures forecast to drop.
The move eases restrictions on resources and allows life to gradually return to normal for some farmers and rural communities. According to the government’s website, grains can now be harvested in the morning and evening.